My research at the intersection of international security and global governance focuses on security regionalism, multilateral diplomacy, and the role of discourse in the social construction of world politics. I have published in English and French in International Studies Quarterly, The Pacific Review, Pacific Affairs, L'Espace politique, and Monde Chinois, among others. I am currently working on two main inter-related projects, the most important of which is a book manuscript adapted from my doctoral dissertation, and 3 secondary projects.
Mes recherches situées à l'intersection de la sécurité internationale et de la gouvernance globale portent sur le régionalisme sécuritaire, la diplomatie multilatérale et le rôle du discours dans la construction sociale de la politique mondiale. Mes travaux ont été publiés en anglais et en français dans International Studies Quarterly, The Pacific Review, Pacific Affairs, L'Espace politique, and Monde Chinois, entre autres. Je travaille actuellement à la réalisation de trois projets principaux, dont le plus important est un livre adapté de ma thèse de doctorat.
1. Enacting Security in the Asia-Pacific: Discourse in the Making of an ASEAN Community
I am adapting and expanding my doctoral research into a book manuscript entitled Enacting Security in the Asia-Pacific: Discourse in the Making of an ASEAN Community. The book develops an original discourse-based framework for the study of security community-building as a way to better our understanding of the polysemy of this process in the 21st century. I use the case of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) as a basis to highlight the omnidirectional and a-linear character of security community-building in practice. This markedly improves the ability of new insights emanating from a "thicker" kind of constructivist scholarship in International Relations to "travel" to the Global South and, more importantly, back to what is still treated as the geographical core of a "not so international" discipline. The book covers the whole spectrum of issues that make up the regional security governance agenda, from transnational crime to the South China Sea disputes as well as the Rohingya crisis. It looks at how actors from the main "tracks" of Asia-Pacific regionalism (official, expert/informal, and non-governmental) advance distinct and competing positions on the meaning of security and the boundaries of the regional community, reproducing ASEAN's identity as a security community "in the making". It concludes that this is likely a never-ending process, and that the time is ripe for looking at ASEAN's characterization as a "talk shop" from a new angle that makes room for the productive power of discourse in world politics.
I have received funding from the Canadian Defence and Security Network to hold a book workshop, which will be held in the Fall of 2020.
- n.d. Enacting Security in the Asia-Pacific: Discourse in the Making of an ASEAN Community, book mss. in preparation.
This project has already led to two peer-reviewed articles in major journals in IR.
- 2017. "From Ambiguity to Contestation: Discourse(s) of Non-Traditional Security in the ASEAN Community," The Pacific Review 30(4): 549-565.
- 2020 (forthcoming). "The Polysemy of Security Community-Building: Towards a “People-Centered” Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)?", International Studies Quarterly. DOI: 10.1093/isq/sqaa040.
2. Multilateral Diplomacy as Practice: Identity, Contest and Change in Asia-Pacific Regionalism
Multilateralism increasingly occurs on a regional basis and in venues not primarily controlled by the West. As a result, what counts as appropriate diplomatic practice is the terrain of increasing contestation. This is the core focus of this research program, which studies the impact of contestation over diplomatic practice on the resilience of multilateral institutions. At the empirical level, I focus on the Indo-Pacific and the case of ASEAN in particular as a prime example of this emerging but understudied trend in regional and global governance. This project is the next step in my broader research program on the evolution of multilateral governance in Southeast Asia and the Asia-Pacific, which builds on areas of inquiry arising from doctoral and post-doctoral research. It draws on recent debates in the International Relations literature on the role of discourse and practice in the social construction of world politics, and makes empirical, theoretical, and methodological contributions to the study of global governance, multilateralism, and diplomacy. Its main objective is to develop a new framework to better account for the role of contestation in the resilience of multilateral institutions beyond the West. I will achieve this objective by conducting a detailed analysis of key instances of contestation in the recent evolution of ASEAN, supported by semi-directed interviews with practitioners of Indo-Pacific multilateralism.
- n.d., with Aarie Glas. “Debunking the ‘ASEAN Way’: The Contested Meaning and Practice of Diplomatic Norms in Southeast Asia", under review.
***This article won the 2019 Best Paper Award and 2019 Best New Scholar Award from the ISA Asia-Pacific Region.
- n.d. "Returning Discourse to the Practice Turn: The Contested Practice of Diplomacy in the Asia-Pacific Community", conference paper in preparation.
In addition to these major projects, I am currently developing secondary projects on:
3. Interpreting Maritime Disputes in the Asia-Pacific
Territorial disputes among states remain prevalent, particularly in the Asia-Pacific. While they are often reduced to a manifestation of competing material interests among states, this project looks at the South China Sea disputes and other bilateral conflicts in Southeast Asia from a different, interpretative perspective. It shows that participation to territorial disputes also serve as an important mechanism through which the identity of the state is performed and reproduced in practice. It points to the persistence of conventional modes of state territoriality through the emergence of innovative bordering practices, which serve as a way for actors to delineate, reproduce, and sometimes extend the contours of the national body in the name of the state beyond other understandings of where its boundaries ought to be.
- n.d. with Edward Boyle. "Bordering Practices, Ontological Security, and Fluid State Bodies in the Asia-Pacific", article in preparation.
4. The Productive Role of Crisis in Institutional Resilience
- n.d. with Anne-Laure Mahé, “(Re)Conceptualizing Institutional Resilience in World Politics: Insights from the Global South”, under review.
5. Canadian Contributions to the Study of International Relations in the Global South
- n.d. with J. Andrew Grant and Nadège Compaoré, "Embracing the Diversity of Canadian IR: A Genealogy of Canadian Contributions on the Social Constructedness of World Politics", R&R at International Studies Perspectives.
6. Competing Narratives on the Rules-Based International Order in the "Indo-Pacific"
I am developping a new project on the battle of narratives surrounding the "crisis" of the rules-based international order. The first step in this project was the development of a policy paper for the Defence and Security Foresight Group, in which I co-led the Asia-Pacific Team. This paper discusses the battle of narratives that sees defenders of the liberal international order and big powers currently represented as challengers to this order promoting competing understandings of the "rules-based international order" and seeking to position themselves as a source of legitimate authority, while denying it to others. I also highlight the existence of alternative narratives on RBIO stemming from the "Indo-Pacific", which allows me to compare and contrast different types of RBIO narratives, which drawing from popular culture I refer to as "Marvel" and "Manga" narratives. I am currently adapting this policy paper into a journal article.
- 2020 (forthcoming). “Unpacking the Crisis of the Rules-Based International Order: Competing Hero Narratives and Indo-Pacific Alternatives.” DSFG Working Paper.
- n.d. “Unpacking the Crisis of the Rules-Based International Order: Competing Hero Narratives and Indo-Pacific Alternatives," journal article in preparation.
7. Gender, Peace and Security in the Asia-Pacific
I am launching a new collaborative project on gender, peace and security in the Asia-Pacific. I am pursuing this project as part of my role as both a Canadian representative at the ARF Eminent and Expert Persons Group and a Team Lead in the Defence and Security Foresight Group, but developping it further as a secondary research interest with the aim of publishing a peer-reviewed journal article. For now, this project takes the form of a conference paper in preparation for ISA 2021, as part of a panel I am convening on Gender, Peace and Security in the Global South.
- n.d. with Jennifer Mustapha, Sarah Sharma and Isabelle Côté. “Contrasted Meanings and Practices of Gender, Peace, and Security in the Asia-Pacific: A Multi-Scalar Regional Analysis,” journal article (in preparation).
A previous research project looked at the securitization of drug trafficking and other forms of transnational crime in Southeast Asia. Publications deriving from this project are:
- 2019. [“Security challenges in Southeast Asia and beyond”] « Enjeux de sécurité en Asie du Sud-Est et au-delà » in Granger, Serge and Dominique Caouette (ed.), L’Asie du Sud-Est à la croisée des puissances. Montreal: Presses de l’Université de Montréal.
- 2015. [“Countering Cross-Border Trafficking in Southeast Asia: Subregional Cooperation as a Catalyst for Security Regionalism”] « Lutte anti-trafic transfrontalière en Asie du Sud-Est : la coopération subrégionale comme tremplin pour le régionalisme en matière de sécurité », L’Espace Politique 24(3). DOI: 10.4000/espacepolitique.3181
- 2015. [“Borders in East Asia: Imprecisions, Contradictions, Reclamations”] « Les frontières en Asie orientale : imprécisions, contradictions, revendications » in Arnaud Pautet and Eric Frécon (dir.), L’Asie orientale. Paris: Ellipses.
2015. [“(Dis)Organized Crime in East Asia”] « Le crime (dés)organisé en Asie orientale » in Arnaud Pautet et Eric Frécon (dir.), L’Asie orientale. Paris: Ellipses.
- 2013. “The recruitment of female ‘mules’ by transnational criminal organizations: securitization of drug trafficking in the Philippines and beyond,” Social Transformations: Journal of the Global South 1(2): 13-41.
You can find the complete list of my publications in my C.V., following this link.